Antique is a collectable object such as a piece of furniture or work of art that has a high value because of its considerable age, Yet it does in fact vary depending on the source product and year.
The procedure has been done in a traditional way following the age old traditional process.
Thanjavur Paintings are made on canvasses. The CANVAS for a Thanjavur painting is usually a plank of wood (originally wood of the Jackfruit tree was used, now it's plywood) over which a layer of cloth is pasted with Arabic gum. The cloth is then evenly coated with a paste of limestone and a binding medium and let to dry.
Gold leaves and gems of varied hues are used in selected areas like pillars, arches, thrones, dresses, etc. The shine and glean of the gold leaves used by the Thanjavur style paintings last forever. Finally, colors are applied on the sketch. In the past, artists used natural colors like vegetable dyes, whereas the present day artists use chemical paints which enhance the sharpness and provide better shade contrasts.
For outlines dark brown is usually used. Red is favored for the background. Scholars say that a red background is the distinctive mark of Tanjore paintings, but green is also sometimes used. Lord Vishnu, appropriately enough, is colored blue, and Lord Nataraja chalk white. Yellow is used for the Goddesses. The sky, of course, is blue, but black is employed on occasions. There are conventions in regard to the use of embossing and bejeweling. But these do not appear to be followed very strictly these days. Often individual preference settles the matter.
The portrayals of the figures in the paintings are breathtakingly brilliant. Almost all the figures have rounded bodies and almond-shaped eyes, which is unique to THANJAVUR PAINTING. The traditional thanjavur artists have a flair for ornamenting the figures with jewelry and ornate dresses. Thanjavur paintings are notable for their adornment in the form of glass pieces embedded in parts of them.
1. The wooden type wherein plain type of wood is used.
2. The Chettinad type which are more ornamental with designs. Instead of breakable glass, "transparent acrylic sheets" are used to avoid breakage during transit..